ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ACT, 2008 (ACT 772)


Introductory Text

  • Section 1 — Object of the Act
  • Section 2 — Application
  • Section 3 — Scope of Act
  • Section 4 — Exclusion
  • Section 5 — Recognition of electronic message
  • Section 6 — Original writing
  • Section 7 — Admissibility and evidential weight of electronic records
  • Section 8 — Retention of electronic records
  • Section 9 — Secure electronic record
  • Section 10 — Digital signature
  • Section 11 — Equal treatment of digital signatures
  • Section 12 — Signing of an electronic record
  • Section 13 — Conduct of a person relying on a digital signature
  • Section 14 — Recognition of digital certificates and digital signatures
  • Section 15 — Notarization, acknowledgement and certification
  • Section 16 — Other requirements
  • Section 17 — Automated transactions
  • Section 18 — Despatch of electronic record
  • Section 19 — Receipt of electronic record
  • Section 20 — Expression of intent or other statement
  • Section 21 — Attribution of electronic records to originator
  • Section 22 — Acknowledgement of receipt of electronic record
  • Section 23 — Formation and validity of agreements
  • Section 24 — Variation by agreement between parties
  • Section 25 — Acceptance of electronic filing and issuing of documents
  • Section 26 — Public agency and electronic records
  • Section 27 — Publication in electronic format
  • Section 28 — Prohibited acts
  • Section 29 —Provision of authentication encryption services
  • Section 30 — Certifying Agency
  • Section 31 — Functions of the Certifying Agency
  • Section 32 — Revocation or suspension of licence
  • Section 33 — Surrender of licence
  • Section 34 — Recognition of foreign certifying authorities
  • Section 35 — Repository of digital signatures
  • Section 36 — Register of licence holders
  • Section 37 — Restrictions on disclosure of information
  • Section 38 — Application for licence
  • Section 39 — Grant of licence
  • Section 40 — Display of licence
  • Section 41 — Duties of licensed entities
  • Section 42 — Renewal of licence
  • Section 43 — Procedure for grant or rejection of renewal of licence
  • Section 44 — Notification of adverse event
  • Section 45 — Procedures to be followed by licensed person
  • Section 46 — Scope of application
  • Section 47 — Information to be provided
  • Section 48 — Performance
  • Section 49 — Grace period
  • Section 50 — Unsolicited goods, services or communications
  • Section 51 — Liability for misuse of electronic payment medium
  • Section 52 — Electronic payment medium lists prohibited
  • Section 53 — Applicability of foreign law
  • Section 54 — Non-exclusion
  • Section 55 — Protected computer
  • Section 56 — Identification of critical electronic record and critical databases
  • Section 57 — Scope of critical database protection
  • Section 58 — Registration of critical databases
  • Section 59 — Management of critical databases
  • Section 60 — Restrictions on disclosure of information
  • Section 61 — Right of inspection
  • Section 62 — Non-compliance with Act
  • Section 63 — Establishment of Registry
  • Section 64 — Functions of the Registry
  • Section 65 — Duties of the Registry
  • Section 66 — Licensing of registrars and registries
  • Section 67 — Governing body of the Domain Name Registry
  • Section 68 — Tenure of office of members
  • Section 69 — Meetings of the Board
  • Section 70 — Disclosure of interest
  • Section 71 — Appointment of committees
  • Section 72 — Dispute Resolution Committee
  • Section 73 — Powers of the Dispute Resolution Committee
  • Section 74 — Allowances
  • Section 75 — The Executive Director
  • Section 76 — Functions of the Executive Director
  • Section 77 — Appointment of other staff
  • Section 78 — Funds of the Registry
  • Section 79 — Accounts and audit
  • Section 80 — Annual report and other reports
  • Section 81 — Resolution of disputes
  • Section 82 — Establishment of the Information Communication Technology Tribunal
  • Section 83 — Composition of the Tribunal
  • Section 84 — Rules of Procedure of Tribunal
  • Section 85 — Appeals against decisions of the Agency or Dispute Resolution Committee
  • Section 86 — Decision of Tribunal
  • Section 87— Appeals against the decisions of the Tribunal
  • Section 88 — Establishment of Industry Forum
  • Section 89 — Industry code
  • Section 90 — Mere conduit
  • Section 91 — Electronic record transmission
  • Section 92 — Hosting
  • Section 93 — Information location tools
  • Section 94 — Take-down notification
  • Section 95 — Monitoring and compliance
  • Section 96 — Limitations and prohibited acts
  • Section 97 — Savings
  • Section 98 — Powers of law enforcement officers
  • Section 99 — Law enforcement officer and third party assistance
  • Section 100 — Preservation of evidence
  • Section 101 — Contents of electronic communications in electronic storage
  • Section 102 — Disclosure of electronic information
  • Section 103 — Provider to keep logs and records
  • Section 104 — Backup preservation
  • Section 105 — Customer challenge
  • Section 106 — Inadmissible evidence
  • Section 107 — Stealing
  • Section 108 — Appropriation
  • Section 109 — Representation
  • Section 110 — Charlatanic advertisement
  • Section 111 — Attempt to commit crimes
  • Section 112 — Aiding and abetting
  • Section 113 — Duty to prevent felony
  • Section 114 — Conspiracy
  • Section 115 — Forgery
  • Section 116 — Intent
  • Section 117— Criminal negligence
  • Section 118 — Access to protected computer
  • Section 119 — Obtaining electronic payment medium falsely
  • Section 120 — Electronic trafficking
  • Section 121 — Possession of electronic counterfeit-making equipment
  • Section 122 — General offence for fraudulent electronic fund transfer
  • Section 123 — General provision for cyber offences
  • Section 124 — Unauthorized access or interception
  • Section 125 — Unauthorized interference with electronic record
  • Section 126 — Unauthorized access to devices
  • Section 127 — Unauthorised circumvention
  • Section 128 — Denial of service
  • Section 129 — Unlawful access to stored communications
  • Section 130 — Unauthorised access to computer programme or electronic record
  • Section 131 — Unauthorized modification of computer programme or electronic record
  • Section 132 — Unauthorized disclosure of access code
  • Section 133 — Offence relating to national interest and security
  • Section 134 — Causing a computer to cease to function
  • Section 135 — Illegal devices
  • Section 136 — Child pornography
  • Section 137— Confiscation of assets
  • Section 138 — Order for compensation
  • Section 139 — Ownership of programme or electronic record
  • Section 140 — Conviction and civil claims
  • Section 141 — Record and access to seized electronic record
  • Section 142 — Territorial scope of offences under this Act
  • Section 143 — Regulations
  • Section 144 — Interpretation
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